Gary Meyer

Apollo Program at Astronautix

Image credit: North American Aviation

Image source: Numbers Station

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Artist Concept of Shuttle in-orbit flight with Earth limb in the background.

Shuttle Program at Astronautix

Image credit: NASA

Image source: NASA JSC

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Apollo Program at Astronautix

Image credit: NASA

Image source: NASA JSC

Shuttle Landing Approach

Shuttle Orbiter Landing Approach at Kennedy Space Center

SPACE SHUTTLE LANDING APPROACH. A Space Shuttle Orbiter approaches a landing field at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center, Florida, following a flight in space. The Orbiter will be able to land on a conventional runway similar to that used by present-day jet aircraft. The development and integration of the Space Shuttle system is the responsibility of NASA’s Johnson Space Center. Rockwell international Space Division, Downey , California is building the Orbiter under contract to NASA.

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U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1977 772-876

Shuttle Program at Astronautix

Image credit: North American Rockwell

Image source: Numbers Station

Emphasis for the 1970’s

The Space Shuttle will take off vertically with a pilot and a c0-pilot at the helm and two other crew members. In early operations, the Shuttle port will be at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, for east-west orbits. Later a port will be added at Vandenberg Air For Base, California for north-south orbits.

Two solid-propellant booster rockets will supply most of the power (1). About 40 kilometers (25 miles) high, the boosters will separate (2) and descend by parachute to the ocean surface (3). There they will be recovered and returned to the launch site for reuse.The main section of the Shuttle, called the Orbiter, will continue flying (4) on the power of its liquid-propellant engines, supplied by a large external tank. After these two sections reach orbit, the tank will separate (5) and land in a remote ocean area. The Orbiter will be able to carry out space missions lasting at least seven days (6). Special materials covering its entire surface will protect the interior from the searing heat of re-entry. The Orbiter will fly horizontally like an airplane during the latter phase of descent (7) and it will land on a runway (8) near the launch site (9). As ground crews gain experience in readying it for subsequent flights, the turnaround time will be reduced to two weeks.

see also:

Shuttle Program at Astronautix

Image credit: NASA

Image source(s):

Numbers Station

NASA NTRS via Internet Archive

Space Station 1970

Space Station 1970 at Astronautix

Image credit: NAR / NASA MSFC

Image source: Numbers Station

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Gemini at Astronautix

Image credit: NASA

Image source: Internet Archive