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Manned Planetary Mission

Mars Expedition 1969 at Astronautix

Image credit: NASA Marshall

Image source: NASA

Mars Vehicle by John Sentovic

EMPIRE at Astronautix

Image credit: Convair

Image source: Numbers Station

Mars Colony

Image credit: Rockwell International

Image source: Mike Acs

Them’s Pigeons!

Image credit: NASA

Image source: Mike Acs

“Complex” Space Vehicle

Complex space vehicles from Earth in orbit around Mars some time in the late 70’s, as visualized by today’s engineers.

The Next Fifty Years in Space
by Erik Bergaust
Macmillan, 1964

Solar Moth at Atomic Rockets

Image credit: Rocketdyne

Image source: Numbers Station

Northrop Lander

First manned landing on Mars! This Northrop sketch shows how a soft landing on the red planet might look from ground level. A steerable gliding cloverleaf parachute slows the craft down as the retrorockets start to fire. The parachute is then jettisoned, and the retrorockets perform the final maneuver for touchdown. Retrorocket braking was perfected in the 1960’s to provide the soft landings for the Surveyor moon probe.

Project Viking: Space Conquest Beyond the Moon

by Irwin Stambler
G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1970

Image credit: NASA

Image source: Numbers Station