All-Purpose Space Vehicle

  1. All-purpose space vehicle proposed by Douglas Missile & Space Systems Division engineer Phil Bono, is pictured in artist’s concept during refueling in earth orbit prior to flight to the moon.
  2. Refueling tankers, on either side will return to earth. Vehicle carries up to eight “strap-on” liquid hydrogen tanks, which can be ejected after they are emptied or retained for use on moon. Retro engines are fire as spacecraft nears lunar surface to allow a direct landing without an orbital maneuver. All-purpose space vehicle proposed by Douglas Missile & Space Systems Division engineer Phil Bono, is pictured in artist’s concept during refueling in earth orbit prior to flight to the moon.
  3. Empty strap-on tanks are lowered to lunar surface before each return flight.
  4. These liquid hydrogen tanks could be used as shelter for pioneering lunar colony.

Space World

December 1964, VOL. A-14

Project Selena at Astronautix

Image credit: Douglas

Image source: Numbers Station

Star Raker (HI-RES)

Recoverable Rocket Boosters by Tony R. Landis, AFMC History Office

Star-Raker at Astronautix

Image credit: Rockwell International

Image source: AFMC 

Dyna-Soar On A Leash

This drawing from the magazine Air Force and Space Digest shows a proposed NASA “ONE-STAGE-TO-ORBIT” aerospace plane. The craft would be able to take off from a regular airport using turbojet engines, then switch to ramjet propulsion at supersonic speed. To reach orbital speed in space, the aerospace plane would use a third set of engines using rocket propulsion.

In the drawing (above) the combination turbo-ramjet engines are housed in pods, just inside the vertical tailfins (on either side). The huge scoop atop the rear half of the fuselage contains the rocket engines and a novel collection and compression unit for gathering oxygen to burn in the rockets. The other propellant would be liquid oxygen carried in the craft’s tanks.

After it’s orbital mission, the aerospace plane would be able to reenter the atmosphere and land as a conventional aircraft at an airfield. The craft would be about 90 feet long and weigh some 100,000 pounds.

CREDIT LINE (UPI PHOTO) 7-21-62 (ML)
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL ROTO SERVICE

X-20 Dyno-Soar at Astronautix

Image credit: USAF

Image source: Numbers Station

Boeing Art Department

Boeing SPS SSTO at Astronautix

Image credit: Boeing

Image source: National Archives

Star Raker

Star-Raker at Astronautix

Image credit: Rockwell International

Image source: AFMC 

Star Raker in Orbit

Star-Raker at Astronautix

Image credit: Rockwell International

Image source: Alternate Wars